The Nuclear Program of Iran
Iran’s nuclear program became a central issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facilities that was on August 2002. Their two facilities which is the uranium enrichment plant located at Natanz as well as the heavy water reactor based on Arak have possible nuclear weapon applications.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following with the made negotiations by the EU-3, which is France, Germany as well as the UK in October 2003, Iran later on agreed on suspending all of their uranium enrichment activities. The EU-3 also acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and promised in supplying Iran with modern technology after it could provide enough assurance to its international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.
Almost the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran the various benefits as its return of the permanent cessation of uranium enrichment as well as other activities based with the possible nuclear weapon applications. As an addition to its unpublished economic as well as political side, Iran was being offered a supply of nuclear fuel as an assurance of non aggression from the EU. This offer however was being rejected by Iran because the nuclear officials considers it very insulting and it is also humiliating.
Both EU and US made their move in having the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to refer Iran towards the United Nations Security Council for its possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran then informed IAEA on its second uranium enrichment facility, which is under construction that’s near the city of Qom. France, US and Britain issued a joint statement that argues on the disclosure about their secret facility, which they in fact say is a growing concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. But, Iran claimed that it was not required to inform IAEA about their new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After the revelation, Iran also attended the negotiations with its representatives from its permanent members of the IAEA as well as the UNSC. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran also had proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal ended up to nowhere.